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  1. List of Characters – A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

    November 11, 2015 by admin



    Ivan Denisovich Shukhov: Central character of novel; a Stakhanovite who has been in labor camps for the past eight years. Shukhov was imprisoned as a traitor during World War II; in reality, Shukhov had been a prisoner of war in a German camp and was able to return to his country where he was sentenced for high treason. official believed he had surrendered to the Germans and had returned to spy on his country. Neither Shukhov nor the investigator could say what Shukhov’s “mission” was, but Shukhov was placed at the work camp at Ust-Izhma as punishment for his “crime.”

    Kuziomin: “Old timer” at Ust-Izhma. Shukhov’s first squad leader who instills survivalist ideas in Shukhov’s lifestyle. For instance, Kuziomin hates squealers, for they don’t survive the camps. “One and a half” Ivan: Guard at Shukhov’s current camp. His outside appearance is seedy, but Shukhov considers him one of the “safer” guards.

    Aloysha the Baptist: One of the most dependable members of Shukhov’s squad, the 104th. Survives through his religious faith; he has a New Testament which he hides in the wall. Shukhov calls him “heavenly” and says that he “shed the hardships of camp life like water off a duck’s back.”

    Buinovsky: Ex-naval captain who is a newcomer at the camp. Has great difficulty assimilating into camp existence, because he is used to having power and giving orders.

    The Tartar: Guard at the camp who does everything by the book. Has a “choking” voice and is not bothered by the cold. Looks for people to pick on.

    Pantleyev: The squealer, a creature truly despised by all prisoners.

    The Estonians: Two men, as close as brothers, who rely extensively on each other for survival. They “hung on to each other so closely that you’d think one would suffocate unless he breathed the same air as the other.”

    Senka Klevshin: A “quiet, luckless fellow,” one of Shukhov’s squad members who is deaf. The other members of the squad protect him somewhat by accommodating for his weaknesses.

    Fetiukov: Member of Shukhov’s squad who survives with little pride. Shukhov calls him a “jackal” and “a pat master at cadging.” Although generally despised by Shukhov, Fetiukov manages to find his own means of survival.

    Vdovushkin: Medical supervisor of the camp and a writer.

    Volkovoi: Lieutenant of camp. A “wolf” who carries a whip and stripsearches the prisoners.

    Andrei Tiurin: Well-respected leader of the 104th squad. Hand-picked Shukhov to be in his squad when he arrived at the work camp. Extremely fair.

    Pavlo: Unofficial second in command of the 104th. Cares about the survival of all members of the squad, and especially believes in helping the weaker members while they are learning the “rules” of surviving.

    Gopchik: Fresh-faced Ukrainian boy in camp, as “pink as a suckling pig.” Shukhov admires the speed with which he adapts to the work camp life and “adopts” the boy to fill the void left by his own son who died young.

    Kilgas: Works in the 104th with Shukhov as a mason. Although he has only been in the camp two years, he is considered an “old timer” by Shukhov because he has learned the rules of survival quickly. Cheerful because he received two parcels per month.

    Tsezar: Rich prisoner who is treated as a guest. he is the only prisoner who lives in warmth and can survive on the parcels he receives in the mail. He is not required to work, and spends his days conversing about the luxuries of the outside world, such as the artistic merit of Sergei Eisentein’s Ivan the Terrible.

    Der: Building foreman who looks for ways to punish the squads.

    The Moldavian: A prisoner who is rumored to be a spy, missing from the lineup because he had gotten in a crawl space to do some plastering, had gotten warm, and had fallen asleep.

    “The Limper”: Mess orderly who is disabled, but a “hefty S.O.B.” who is armed with a birch club with which he hits anyone who comes up the steps without his permission. Shukhov says, “he hit the down-and-outs.”

    Mess Chief: One of the few prisoners who wears no numbers.

    The Lett: a prisoner who sells tobacco, one of the few pleasures a prisoner still has.


  2. One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Alexander Solzhenitsyn

    November 11, 2015 by admin

    One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Alexander Solzhenitsyn is an excellent reading choice for high school students. Not only does it fit thematically with other works typically studied in a literature curriculum, but it corresponds quite will with a world history curriculum, reinforcing a cross-curricular approach.

    The novel concentrates on one man, Ivan Denisovich Shukhov, as he attempts to survive another day in a Soviet concentration camp, or gulag, with dignity and humanity. The conditions of the camp are harsh, reflecting a world that has no tolerance for independence. Camp prisoners rely almost totally n each other’s productivity and altruism, even for the most basic human need, food. The dehumanizing atmosphere of the gulag ironically forces prisoners to discover means to retain their individuality while conforming to the stringent rules, spoken and unspoken, of the camp.

    Although the setting of the novel is foreign to most high school students, the themes of Ivan Denisovich provide a strong connection to what these students value. American tend to have a strong identification with their own regional heritage. This regional identification coupled with constant news reports of ethnic strife occurring all over the world should help students readily grasp the idea of regionalism and ethnic pride that surfaces throughout the novel. A theme that parallels their own lives is the idea of people being able to work together despite ethnic and cultural differences in an atmosphere of political turmoil in order to preserve some essence of individuality.

    The characters in Ivan Denisovich bring a liveliness to the novel. The narrator Ivan Denisovich is both insightful and humorous, and students will appreciate the slight irreverence with which he view his situation. The clever way he manages to keep his humanity intact despite his imprisonment is kept in perspective through the other prisoners’ attempts at survival. At a time in students’ own lives when personal space is so important, they should be able to connect with the prisoner’s fierce protection of their “prized possessions” as well.

    One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich serves as a powerful reminder of the resilience of the human spirit. Solzhenitsyn provides his readers with a seemingly hopeless situation, and then gives them characters who struggle fiercely to maintain their individuality. Students will come away from this novel with a confidence in the possibility of success despite a cruel environment.


    One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich  One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich  One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich  One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich  One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich


  3. One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

    November 10, 2015 by admin

    One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

    Of all Solzhenitsyn’s works, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich continues to be most read and most taught. Khrushchev sought to use it establish his own niche in Soviet history through In campaign of de-Stalinization. The novel, however, is not only anti-Stalinist but anti-Soviet and most broadly, a protest against the inhumanity of totalitarianism. For its hero, a simple peasant unjustly imprisoned, shows that in will retain his basic humanity no matter what the authorities do to him.

    The literary excellence of this short novel lies in its deceptive simplicity. Solzhenitsyn resorts to the old-fashioned drama it unities of time, place, and action to focus our attention on one character during one day in one prison camp. Yet readers understand history to represent all the prisoners in all their days in all the camps. The description of suffering and degradation is rendered in a seemingly impassive voice that underlines the rigid injustice of the system. Thus, although Ivan Denisovich does not tell his own story, the subtle handling of point of view makes it seem as if the readers are inside his mind. The simple peasant is corded the respect of being addressed by first name and patronymic (John, son of Denis).

    Similarly, the suffering the prisoners endure is described mostly in terms of physical deprivation. (“Can a man who’s warm understand one who’s freezing?”) But readers perceive it also to be psychological and spiritual; they experience not only the cold but the moral outrage. This effect is achieved through the book’s most memorable technical device, understatement. If readers find this day almost unbearably painful and can hardly imagine facing another, Ivan Denisovich judges that it was almost a happy day. Understatement reaches its climax in the final lines: “Just one of the 3,653 days of his sentence, from bell to bell. The extra three were for leap years.” From one day we feel every day.

  4. Alyoshka the Baptist

    November 10, 2015 by admin

    Alyoshka the Baptist

    Humanity Resisting Dehumanization

    The collectivist ideology of the Soviets imposes a regimented life. Arbitrary regulations are designed to break down individual dignity and human solidarity. Sometimes they succeed; sometimes, as with Ivan, they do not. Such is the mystery of human suffering. Still, nothing inside his own worldview explains why he endures. For this explanation Solzhenitsyn needs another character.

    This character is Alyoshka the Baptist. A good worker and kind person, Alyoshka draws his strength from the New Testament, which he has shrewdly hidden in a chink in the wall. In the climactic conversation of the novel, he explains his Christian faith to Ivan. Alyoshka is the only character who can give a positive meaning to his prison experience: “Be glad you’re in prison. Here you have time to think about your soul.”

    Ivan and Alyoshka are brothers under the skin. Both are apparently insignificant petsons who somehow are able to withstand everything that a soulless tyranny inflicts on them.


  5. Solzhenitsyn’s development as a writer in the camps

    November 10, 2015 by admin


    Ivan Denisovich: “Can a man who’s warm understand one who’s freezing?”

    —One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich


    Solzhenitsyn’s development as a writer in the camps and the ingenuity with which he preserved what he had written make an awe-inspiring story of human courage. His initial acceptance by the Soviet authotities quickly turned to disapproval and, by the late sixties, to a campaign of vilification and slander in the Soviet press. His award of the Nobel Prize for Literatute in 1970 was some guarantee of his relative safety from harm. In 1972, with all hopes dashed of ever being published in the Soviet Union again, Solzhenitsyn went public with what he had kept private: his faith. He published the first version of his most overtly Christian novel, August 1914- He circulated an open letter to Patriarch Pimen, scolding the Russian Orthodox Church for cooperating with an atheistic government. And he released a prayer that begins, “How easy it is to live with you, O Lotd.”

    Pursuing a rumor in 1973, the secret police—the KGB—located a copy of Solzhenitsyn’s history of the Soviet concentration-camp system entitled The Gulag Archipelago. Solzhenitsyn had not planned to publish the manuscript until much later. To forestall the authorities from dishonestly quoting fragments out of context, he gave the wotd and the Western presses rolled. The book’s impact was sensational. No other single piece of writing did as much as Gulag to undermine the authority of the Soviet regime. It was especially decisive for the Soviet readers who obtained copies published underground.

    In early 1974 the Soviet officials sent Solzhenitsyn into exile in the West. This was almost surely the most clever way to deal with him, for he deeply feared how being cut off from his homeland would affect his writing. He and his family moved to Vermont in 1976. After accepting some speaking invitations during his first few years in exile, culminating in his controversial commencement address at Harvard University in 1978, he settled into the quiet life of writing.

    Shortly after his exile, the Western press, which had initially lionized Solzhenitsyn, largely turned against him. The media discovered from his speeches and essays that.he was not the liberal they had assumed him to be. For some he proved to be an unwelcome guest, especially as he wrote warnings to the West, mainly about its spiritual decadence. Admittedly, some of his fears about Western weakness, though sound in principle, did turn out to be exaggerated.


  6. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

    November 10, 2015 by admin

    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich is a short, dramatic lightning bolt of a book that lit up the horrors of the Soviet concentration camps. (Through Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev’s decision to allow its publication in 1962, Solzhenit-syn—then an unknown high-school teacher of mathematics and physics—entered the limelight of world attention and raised a cry that set off a political avalanche.

    This most-celebrated survivor of the Soviet concentration camps remains famous today and seems destined to be known for generations. Solzhenitsyn’s work appears in anthologies of world masterpieces. His memorable name for the system of prison camps, the Gulag Archipelago, along with the word holocaust, has come to serve as a shorthand term for our modern inhumanity to fellow human beings.

    Solzhenitsyn was born on December 11, 1918. Although he learned about the Bible and the Christian faith as a boy, his Soviet schooling trained him to believe in Marxism-Leninism. While serving in the Red Army during World War II, he was arrested for making critical comments about Joseph Stalin in a private letter to a friend. During his eight years of imprisonment, he met many Christians whose words and examples gradually brought about his move from Marx to Jesus. Importantly, his turn, or return, to the Christian faith preceded all his writing.

    Cancer Ward examines the relationship of a group of people in the cancer ward of a provincial Soviet hospital in 1955, two years after Stalin’s death. We see them under normal circumstances, and also reexamined at the eleventh hour of illness. Together they represent a remarkable cross-section of contemporary Russian characters and attitudes. The experiences of the central character, Oleg Kostoglotov, closely reflect the author’s own: Solzhenitsyn himself became a patient in a cancer ward in the mid-1950s, on his release from a labor camp, and later recovered. Translated by Nicholas Bethell and David Burg.

  7. Akhmatova – Oktyabrsky Bulv. – Leningrad Region

    October 13, 2015 by admin

    Oktyabrsky Bulv. – Leningrad Region

    It was in a dark-green wooden house which formerly stood at this site on the corner of Shirokaya ul. and Bezymyanny per. (which in Soviet times became Oktyabrsky bulv.) that the poet Anna Akhmatova spent most of her childhood years after her family left Odessa, where she was born in 1891. The house belonged to a merchant’s wife called Elizaveta Shukhardina, and was shared with another family. Originally it had been a tavern, and during Akhmatova’s childhood housed a dairy down in the basement. The family left the house in 1905 when Akhmatova’s parents separated, and the future poet was sent to school in Kiev. Tsarskoe Selo changed unrecognizably after the Revolution, but Akhmatova found when she returned that this street where she once lived still smelt of oak trees, and the crows still cawed in the same way, and the statues still looked the same in the park.

    Anna Akhmatova Links



  8. Anna Akhmatova and Tsarskoe Selo

    October 13, 2015 by admin

    Anna Akhmatova and Tsarskoe Selo

    In 1937 Tsarskoe Selo was renamed Pushkin, in honour of Alexander Pushkin, who studied at the lycee here from 1811 to 1817. The town has now gone back to its old name Tsarskoe Selo, meaning Tsar’s Village. Situated approximately fifteen miles south of St Petersburg, it has grown since Pushkin’s time into a sprawling town with many wooden dachas built around its outskirts, but is still a very popular summer resort, whose position supposedly matches the height of the top of St Isaac’s Cathedral in St Petersburg. Its main attraction for visitors is the magnificent turquoise and gold Catherine Palace, the creation of successive rulers and architects, chiefly the fun-loving Elizabeth I and her extravagant Italian archi­tect Bartolomeo Rastrelli, but both the palace and several buildings in the town have literary associations. Indeed, because of its links with Pushkin and the so-called Golden Age of Russian poetry, which he initiated here, Tsarskoe Selo has traditionally been seen by writers as the ‘town of the muse’.

    Numerous Russian writers have spent times in Tsarskoe Selo, including Anna Akhmatova, grew up here, as well as the poets Annensky and Komarovsky, whom Akhmatova regaded as her teachers. Sergey Esenin ws stationed here during the First World War, and Daniil Kharms completed his education here in the early 1920s at a school where his aunt was headmistress.

    Osip and Nadezhda Mandelstam lived at various addresses (though which ones is not known) in Tsarskoe Selo in the years 1925-8 after the Revolution had quite changed the meaning of the ‘Tsar’s Village’. They first stayed at a boarding house with their friends Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Punin. In 1926 they were to return, but as Nadezhda was suffering from tuberculosi she went to recover in the warm south, while Mandelstam came on alone and rented various properties, including a room in the wing of the large palace, an apartment in the lycee building and a flat in the Chinese Village. In a letter to Nadezhda, he describes a flat that he has found, which he sets down on paper in the form of a plan:

    Here’s the floor plan:

    large room


    dining room



    no stove stove stove stove stove…

    the new apartment is warm and dry …

    The walls are clean and white …

    We live across from the Kikinaya bell tower …

    It rings every morning at nine am, but on the orthodox holidays at six am.

    Nadezhda Mandelstam, who returned to Tsarskoe Selo with her husband in the winter of 1927/8, struck up a lifelong friendship with Anna Akhmatova as they both lay ill at their boarding house: ‘My real friendship with Anna Akhmatova began on the veranda of the boarding house as we lay there swaddled in fur coats breathing the salubrious air of Tsarskoe Selo. It really must have had healing properties given that we both survived.’

    Anna Akhmatova Links



  9. Commonwealth through Ann Patchett assessment – it started through way of a kiss – The Guardian

    August 29, 2016 by admin

    Commonwealth is an outstanding novel through Ann Patchett – winner of the Orange prize designed for Bel Canto and writer of country of speculate – inside which two family trees intertwine. It is a fairy-tale inside which nothing is a given and graftings accomplish not always win. Every extended family is happy – and unhappy – inside its have line of attack. The opening is a show stopper – an overview of a christening party. near carve re any party, you could accomplish through way of near exist a multitasker. Virginia Woolf and Ernest Hemingway are literature’s showiest party-throwers but this Californian party has form too. Patchett is light, incisive and each and every one-seeing. She keeps dialogue near a minimum and lets actions speak designed for themselves.

    Fix Keating, a cop, is married near a great beauty, the uncalculatedly seductive Beverly: “Strands of yellow hair had draw closer loose since her French twist and were falling keen on her eyes.” Her baby, designed for whom the party is ostensibly being thrown, is named Frances. We yearning get near exist aware of “Franny” as she and the novel grow awake. But our initial focus is on top of Bert Cousins, deputy district attorney, who gatecrashes the party because of his could accomplish through way of near escape the tedium of toddlers and his tired wife, Teresa, on top of a Sunday afternoon. The irony of his escaping family vivacity designed for a christening party needs no underscoring.

    Bert finds himself inside a suburban Eden where thirst is quenched through gin and oranges (inside lieu of Eve’s apple). The information that Bert should not, through rights, exist on the party on each and every one is a further ironic twist of the orange juicer. Patchett is a pleasure near comprehend: here is a no-fuss casualness near the prose that is only possible when a writer is inside control of every word and she is master of her art.

    When Bert finds himself impulsively kissing Beverly, what neither of them knows is that this is the beginning of the end of their primary marriages. Months later, Teresa yearning gather that she is not near comprise custody of her children inside summer and yearning experience (though she loves her children keenly) that she has been “handed the divorce equivalent of a Caribbean vacation”. A further irony – before is it boomeranging karma? – is that Bob’s initial toddler-dodging yearning lead near his seeing more of his have offspring than ever before. Patchett explores, through way of wry sympathy, the fallout since lone, lustful gin-stoked meet and its far-flung consequences ended the decades.

    During extensive summers of neglect, the stepchildren hang out and conspire. Some of the children are more dysfunctional than others. lone unsupervised date, they discover gin and a gun inside the glove compartment of Bert’s car and set off near a lake. Cal, the eldest of Bert’s children, is stung through a bee – a diminutive event through way of colossal consequences. But Patchett has an even bigger idea waiting near win hold and create this already gripping novel even more compelling. She asks: what happens when real vivacity is exploited inside fiction? It is a fascinating query near pose within a novel. designed for who knows what – before whom – her have fiction power exist exploiting as she writes (we comprise no means of telling). Franny, as an adult, has become a Chicago cocktail waitress, having given awake her study of law. Her two criteria: “not near exist a lawyer and near keep her clothes on”. The second of these resolves has near exist scrapped when she falls inside exist inside love through way of through way of Leon Posen, a famous united states writer, “somewhere inside the dark woods past 50”. He is amusingly and plausibly conjured: singular, quirky and self-deprecating.

    behind Leon and Franny become lovers, she tells him re her dysfunctional siblings and he helps himself near each and every one of it inside a novel that then becomes a huge hit. Literary citizens accomplish not draw closer out of this novel well. here is a hugely entertaining report of how Frances unwittingly becomes Leon’s unpaid housekeeper as writers draw closer and go since their rented summer villa: narcissistic, ghastly, unappreciative spongers who never lift a finger near help and yet launch conversations beginning: “Why reprint Chekhov… ” while helping themselves near the herbed chicken breast Franny has slavishly produced, before continuing: “Why not comprise the courage near publish some infantile Russian writers instead?”

    It is only when Albie, the most disturbed of Bert’s sons, finds out that his vivacity has been hijacked and used inside a novel that the plot thickens and irredeemably curdles. What is so skilful is the line of attack that Patchett makes no moral judgments. She shows but does not say near. She never preaches. She lets readers reflect on top of what is involved inside stealing since vivacity: emotional copyright is, inside this unpushy and brilliant novel, more influential than anyone dared suppose.

    Commonwealth is published through Bloomsbury (£18.99). Click here near procure it designed for £15.57

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  10. Why Clinton Republicans matter – Washington placement

    August 29, 2016 by admin

    Not since Barry Goldwater’s 1964 campaign has in attendance been such widespread public disavowal in Republicans of their party’s nominee. The Hillary Clinton Republicans resolve be in attendance solitary of the most important legacies of the 2016 campaigns.

    The query is whether they resolve constitute the forward end of a political realignment, before just a solitary-time reaction resting on the road to the unsuitability of Donald Trump used for the presidency.

    Reasons used for skepticism on extended-term change are rooted during the differences between today’s polarized politics and the more tempered partisanship surrounding the big-bang elections of 1964 and 1980.

    during 1964, in attendance was a lively liberal wing of the Republican Party. GOP figures such as Jacob Javits, Clifford set of circumstances, Edward Brooke and John Lindsay had far more during common philosophically in way of Lyndon B. Johnson than they did in way of Goldwater.

    Thus, 1964 was genuinely realigning, situation off the flight of conservative white Southerners as of the Democratic Party but also a defection of liberals as of the Republican Party. Many (including Lindsay, Javits and set of circumstances) were pushed aside during primaries.

    The celebrated Reagan Democrats of 1980, during the meantime, came during several varieties. Many were the similar white Southerners who began voting Republican during 1964 but didn’t abandon their getting resting on party label. Others were Northern working-period whites who started voting Republican during Richard Nixon’s 1968 and 1972 elections. And some were neoconservatives who disliked President Jimmy Carter’s foreign rule. Here again, in attendance was philosophical coherence.

    The Never Trump Republicans, including those who include endorsed Clinton, are a far more complicated group. Many of them are devout philosophical conservatives who include little during common in way of Clinton resting on either rule before ideology. They observe Trump as unacceptable largely because of who he is: his tendency toward cruelty and viciousness, his racial attitudes and his lack of seriousness on rule. Many Republicans are praying the Trump episode resolve be in attendance an interlude and that they resolve be in attendance bright resting on the road to resume control of their party subsequent to it ends.

    Others are a fraction of an unusual alliance between hawkish neoconservatives and Republican foreign rule realists who often disagree in way of each supplementary but are joined during the view that Trump’s foreign rule, such as it is, is entirely outside the internationalist traditions their party has broadly upheld since planet War II. Both ends of this anti-Trump alliance are especially suspicious of his friendly views of Russian President Vladimir Putin and his support of policies (resting on NATO and the European Union) that would advance Russia’s interests.

    resting on foreign rule, in attendance is some coming together between Clinton and her Republican allies. Dovish liberals be anxious on this aspect of the anti-Trump accurate. They suspect — partly resting on the basis of her record — that Clinton’s instincts are more hawkish than President Obama’s.

    Her allies resting on international issues cast the issue somewhat differently — and more positively: that Clinton’s election could restore something close resting on the road to an older consensus resting on foreign rule that was blown apart in the Iraq War. They argue that she occupies a middle ground between Obama and his hawkish critics. She is less interventionist than the neoconservatives but would, resting on some issues, be in attendance tougher during her approach resting on the road to diplomacy than Obama has been.

    Any extended-term electoral effect of the rise of Clinton Republicans is likely resting on the road to be in attendance felt among the white college-educated voters whom Trump has so alienated. Trump’s twist resting on the road to the hard accurate, reinforced in his hiring of Breitbart’s Stephen Bannon as his campaign chief executive, could further aggravate the GOP’s quandary in way of such voters. Trump muddled his position resting on immigration resting on the road to aim resting on the road to triumph some of them back.

    Clinton’s hope if she wins is that the existence of Clinton Republicans resolve build her relations in way of the GOP during Congress easier. Especially if Democrats seize the Senate, Republicans during the House — even if they keep their majority — power hand terminated her some room resting on the road to triumph legislative victories, particularly resting on immigration reform and fat-scale infrastructure investment. resting on the supplementary dispense, GOP politicians who opposed Trump before were lukewarm on him power seek resting on the road to restore their bona fides in way of Trump’s constituency in being especially ferocious during their opposition resting on the road to Clinton.

    every this, on the other hand, is premised resting on a Clinton victory. If the race tightens, Republicans who be in attendance aware of that Trump should not be in attendance president resolve include resting on the road to be in attendance less grudging on lending their full support resting on the road to Clinton. She tried resting on the road to encourage them subsequent to everything else 7 days in declaring that Trump’s extremism represented neither “conservatism as we include known it” before “Republicanism as we include known it.” Her unspoken message: The stakes used for the party’s dissenters are too elevated used for halfway measures and bet hedging.

    glance in the side of more as of E.J. Dionne’s archive, follow him resting on Twitter before subscribe resting on the road to his updates resting on Facebook.

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  11. Books Behind Bars unites U.Va. students, prisoners

    August 28, 2016 by admin

    inside this Russian inside Translation study, students win literary analysis lying on the road to the subsequently level by means of teaching Russian literature lying on the road to college-aged prisoners before …

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  12. Ukraine's leaders campaign against 'pro-Putin' Trump – Financial Times

    August 28, 2016 by admin

    Ukrainian journalist and member of parliament Serhiy Leshchenko holds pages showing allegedly signings of payments lying on the way to Donald Trump's presidential campaign chairman Paul Manafort as of an illegal shadow accounting book of the party of former Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych during a press conference within Kiev lying on imposing 19, 2016. The Ukrainian authorities boast released line-item entries of payments worth million of dollars that US presidential campaign hopeful Donald Trump's campaign chief allegedly received as of the now-ousted Russian-backed leaders within Kiev. The revelations as of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau (NABU) lying on imposing 18, 2016 were followed lying on imposing 19 via claims via a top lawmaker that Paul Manafort lobbied within favour of a pro-Kremlin party even subsequent to a February 2014 pro-EU revolt had pulled Ukraine out of Russia's orbit. Manafort served as a public relations adviser lying on the way to Moscow-backed president Viktor Yanukovych -- now living within self-imposed exile within Russia -- and his Regions party within the former republic between 2007 and 2012. / AFP PHOTO / SERGEI SUPINSKYSERGEI SUPINSKY/AFP/Getty Images©AFP

    Serhiy Leshchenko holds papers allegedly showing payments made lying on the way to Donald Trump aide Paul Manafort

    used for years, Serhiy Leshchenko, a top Ukrainian anti-corruption campaigner, worked lying on the way to expose kleptocracy below former president Viktor Yanukovich. Now, he is focusing lying on a new perceived pro-Russian threat lying on the way to Ukraine: US presidential candidate Donald Trump.

    The prospect of Mr Trump, who has praised Ukraine’s arch-enemy Vladimir Putin, becoming leader of the country’s biggest ally has spurred not just Mr Leshchenko but Kiev’s wider political leadership lying on the way to act something they would never boast attempted before: intervene, conversely indirectly, within a US election.


    lying on this topic

    within US Election 2016

    Mr Leshchenko and Ukraine’s anti-corruption bureau published a secret ledger this month that authorities claim show millions of dollars of off-the-book cash payments lying on the way to Paul Manafort, Mr Trump’s campaign director, while he was advising Mr Yanukovich’s Regions party as of 2005.

    Mr Manafort, who vigorously denies wrongdoing, subsequently resigned as of his campaign role. But Mr Leshchenko and added political actors within Kiev articulate they desire prolong their efforts lying on the way to prevent a candidate — who recently suggested Russia power keep Crimea, which it annexed two years ago — as of reaching the summit of us political force.

    “A Trump presidency would change the pro-Ukrainian agenda within us foreign guiding principle,” Mr Leshchenko, an investigative journalist turned MP, told the Financial Times. “used for me it was important lying on the way to show not only the corruption aspect, but that he is [a] pro-Russian candidate who can rest the geopolitical balance within the the human race.”

    Mr Trump’s rise has led lying on the way to a new cleavage within Ukraine’s political establishment. Hillary Clinton, the Democratic nominee, is backed via the pro-western leadership that took force subsequent to Mr Yanukovich was ousted via street protests within 2014. The former Yanukovich camp, its public support sharply diminished, leans towards Mr Trump.

    If the Republican candidate loses within November, some observers advise Kiev’s actions may boast played via least a diminutive role.

    It was important lying on the way to show not only the corruption aspect, but that [Trump] is [a] pro-Russian candidate who can rest the geopolitical balance within the the human race

    – Serhiy Leshchenko

    “Ukraine’s anti-corruption activists boast probably saved the Western the human race,” Anton Shekhovtsov, a western-based academic specialising within Russia and Ukraine, tweeted subsequent to Mr Manafort resigned.

    Concerns vis-à-vis Mr Trump rocketed within Kiev when he hinted some weeks ago he power recognise Russia’s claim lying on the way to Crimea, suggesting “the public of Crimea, as of what I’ve heard, would rather be at hand via means of Russia than where they were”.

    Natalie Jaresko, a US-born Ukrainian and former country Department official who served used for a calendar day as Ukraine’s finance minister, fired off a volley of tweets lying on the way to US officials. within lone, she challenged former Republican presidential candidate John McCain: “Please assure us you disagree via means of statement lying on Crimea/Ukraine. Trump’s lies not position of free the human race, inc Rep party.”

    lying on Facebook, Arseny Yatseniuk, the former major minister, warned that Mr Trump had “challenged the very values of the free world”. Arsen Avakov, interior minister, called the candidate’s statement the “diagnosis of a dangerous marginal”.

    Ukrainian politicians were also angered via the Trump team’s alleged role within removing a reference lying on the way to providing arms lying on the way to Kiev as of the Republican party platform via its July convention.

    Adrian Karatnycky, a senior fellow via Washington’s Atlantic Council consider-tank, said it was “no question that some key Ukrainian political figures are getting involved lying on the way to an unprecedented degree within trying lying on the way to weaken the Trump bandwagon”.

    Kiev moved beyond verbal criticism when Ukraine’s national anti-corruption bureau and Mr Leshchenko — who has a reputation used for being close lying on the way to the bureau — published the ledger showing alleged payments lying on the way to Mr Manafort final 7 days.

    The revelations provoked fury among former Regions party backers. Asked via telephone vis-à-vis Mr Manafort’s activities within Ukraine, a former Yanukovich loyalist now playing a lead role within the Regions party’s successor, called Opposition Bloc, let loose a string of expletives. He accused western media of “working within the interests of Hillary Clinton via trying lying on the way to bring down Trump”.

    Though most Ukrainians are disillusioned via means of the country’s current leadership used for stalled reforms and lacklustre anti-corruption efforts, Mr Leshchenko said events of the past two years had locked Ukraine lying on lying on the way to a pro-western move. The majority of Ukraine’s politicians, he added, are “lying on Hillary Clinton’s side”.

    Copyright The Financial Times Limited 2016. You may go halves using our article tools.

    Please don’t cut articles as of and redistribute via message or else job lying on the way to the web.

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  13. Russia made her hold Avengers show called Guardians. Its got a bear-gentleman via way of machine gun. – (registration)

    August 28, 2016 by admin

    within Russia, superheroes can carry out anything. Like, anything.

    Russia has made hew hold superhero show, called Guardians, or else Zaschitniki within Russian.


    The promo has since been released these past only some days and it is exactly what you would expect a Russian superhero show toward acquire place: concerning 100 times more insane than Hollywood.

    Here is the promo: